首页>考试频道>考研>在职联考>考试真题

2014年在职研究生十月联考英语真题

2016-12-14来源:中国教育在线

    Part I Dialogue Communication (15 minutes, 15 points)

  Section A Dialogue Completion

  Directions: In this section, you will read 5 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each

  followed by 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the answer that best suits the situation to

  complete the dialogue. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the

  center.

  1.Speaker A:Mind if I call you Albert?

  Speaker B:______

  A.Yes,just call me Al. B. Yes, you may do that.

  C.OK.Every one does. D. Of course not. But just “Al” will do.

  2.Speaker A:Are you ready?

  Speaker B:______ I just need to get my jacket.

  A.More or less. B. For better or worse.

  C.Sooner or later. D. Now or never.

  3.Speaker A:Let’s go out for a walk.

  Speaker B:______It's raining!

  A. OK,it sounds good. B.My pleasure.

  C.What’s the point? D.Why not?

  4.Speaker A:When do you want to meet? Today after work or tomorrow evening?

  Speaker B:______

  A.No problem. C.1 will follow you.

  B.That’s fine for me. D.I don’t mind either way.

  5.Speaker A:You’ve dropped something,Sandra.Here you are.

  Speaker B:______ I keep dropping things this morning.

  A.Thanks. B. Have I? C. You said it. D. Oh, yes.

  Section B Dialogue Comprehension

  Directions: In this section, you will read 5 short conversations between two speakers. At the end of

  each conversation there is a question followed by 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the best answer to the question from the 4 choices given and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a

  single line through the center.

  6.Man:Is that optional course as hard as everybody says? Woman:Exactly, and even worse,believe it or not.

  Question:What does the woman mean?

  A.It’s not as hard as expected. B.It’s not tough for some students.

  C.It’s more difficult than people think. D.It’s believed to be the hardest course.

  7.Man:Have you finished reading the book you bought last month?

  Woman: Oh, I didn’ t read it straight through the way you read a novel. I just cover the few chapters

  that interested me most.

  Question:How did the woman read the book?

  A. She read it selectively. B.She went over it chapter by chapter.

  C.She read it slowly. D.She finished it quickly.

  8.Woman:Do you think it’s worth me doing a part-time MBA? It’s a lot of work.

  Man:It depends on how much you want to climb the career ladder.

  Question:What does the man mean?

  A.He is doing a part-time MBA. B.MBA is important for promotion.

  C.He wants to climb the career ladder. D.MBA is not that important.

  9. Woman:I’m really worried about my economics course.I don’t know what to do.

  Man:Do you want to talk about it? It might help to get it off your chest.

  Question:What does the man mean?

  A.His problem has been solved. B.His help will be a surprise.

  C.He is very confident in offering help。 D.He is willing to listen to her problems.

  10。Man:Could you tell me where the shuttle bus stop is?

  Woman:Just go with the flow.You can’t miss it.

  Question: What should the man do?

  A.Follow the river. B.Ask someone for direction.

  C.Go together with the woman. D.Go with everybody else.

  Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are 4 choices

  marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your

  answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

  11.The doctor was ____ about what to do with the case: he just couldn’t find the cause of the illness.

  cause of the illness. A.puzzled B. amused C.surprised D. curious

  12.A special committee was set up to ______ the matter and report to the board of directors.

  A.look for B. look into C. look on D. look through

  13. For a lack of space, I had to__a lot of excellent materials, which I intend to include in another book.

  A.1eave out B. knock out C.1ay out D. hold out

  1 4.To what extent will future scientific discoveries make possible the ______ of the human life span?

  A.progress B. extension C. growth D. promotion

  15.It was ______ the worst food I have ever had.

  A.mainly B. relatively C. recently D. absolutely

  16.I'm sorry to ______ you while you’re working but I must ask you a question.

  A.interfere B. bother C.catch D.take

  17. Few are so silly as to dash back into the house on fire to fetch the money ______ their lives.

  A. at the rate of B. at the risk of B. in the interest of D. in the case of

  18.Many species have ______before man can document them properly.

  A.finished B. crushed C. vanished D. furnished

  19. ______deserts are dry regions, visitors might come upon an area with trees and water.

  A.Just because B. Only when C.As if D.Even though

  20.When Columbus landed in the New World, he believed he had found a new ______ to Asia.

  A.trail B. path C.track D. route

  21.There is one thing I ______ like to know---what is it about Tim that you find so appealing?

  A.will B. could C.would D. should

  22.He was found to be a thief, ______disappointed his wife.

  A.who B. that C. which D. whom

  23.______, the great Mississippi rolls its mile-wide tide along, shining in the sun.

  A.Unnoticing B. Be unnoticing C. Having unnoticed D. Unnoticed

  24. By comparing myself with others, I can find out ______ I am weak.

  A. where B. what C. which D. when

  25. I told Jim how to get here but perhaps I ______ him the map.

  A. had to give B. must have given C. ought to give D. should have given

  26.Ted ______ to dip into his pocket for his son’s college tuition fees.

  A. forced B. was forcing C. was forced D. had been forced

  27.Believe me, my memory is ______, if not better than it was in my teenage years. A. as good B. so good C. so good as D. as good as

  28.A lot of efforts have to be made in order to make this show ______.

  A.to succeed B. succeeded C. a success D. successfully

  29.Politics is ______ important a matter to be left to experts.

  A.too B. very C. much D. so

  30.The investigators have tried to identify the cause of the air crash one way or ______, but in vain.

  A.other B.another C.the other D.else

  Part III Reading Comprehension (40 minutes, 40 points)

  Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each of the passages is followed by 5 questions or

  unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one

  and mark you’re answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.

  Passage One

  People don’t always go to coffee shops just for a drink, but to spend time with friends or read a

  book. This “coffee shop culture” is very popular in the UK and it is a fantastic way to spend time with

  loved ones.It isn’t popular everywhere,though.

  There are around 15,000 coffee shops in the UK. On the main street of my home city, Edinburgh,

  there are at least five quite large coffee shops.Heading away from the main street you are still never

  more than a five-or-ten-minute walk to the nearest cafe.

  Most coffee shops have a cosy atmosphere.They are places where you can sit for hours as you

  sip(小口喝)your coffee.People go with friends and family to chat and relax after going shopping, or

  meet up just for a gossip. Alternatively, many people go alone. Coffee shops are great places to read in peace, or to sit and write. And with free Wi-Fi in many places, it is not difficult to spend a lot of time in

  a coffee shop.

  In Colombia, however, the coffee shop culture does not really exist, or, at least, is still very

  new.Famous for its coffee I imagined that even the tiniest Colombian village would have a coffee

  shop.I mean,they do exist but they are nowhere near as common as I had expected.

  The ones that do exist are very different from those in the UK.They are places where you go in,

  have a quick drink and then leave immediately.Nobody spends the afternoon enjoying a peaceful

  moment . People never seem to come in for a leisurely drink but for a quick--almost

  business-like--meeting,even if they are with family or friends.The idea that a person would go to a

  coffee shop alone is, apparently, ridiculous. Every time I go alone with a book, other customers look at me as if I had horns.I could be painting a wrong picture, of course.This may be the culture only in

  Pasto,where I live;other Colombian cities perhaps have a more developed coffee shop culture.

  31.It is stated in the passage that a coffee shop in Britain is a place

  A. mainly for a drink B. for spending time leisurely

  C.for business meetings D. mainly for people to date

  32.Coffee shops in the UK are

  A.mostly on the main street B.quite limited in number

  C.easily accessible to people D.usually close to each other

  33.The word“cosy”(Para.3) is closest in meaning to

  A.comfortable B.exciting C.lonely D.private

  34.According to the author, people in Colombia often go to coffee shops

  A.for a quick drink B. for reading

  C.to drink alone D.to chat with friends

  35.This passage is mainly about the coffee shop

  A.history B.culture C.atmosphere D.business

  Passage Two

  My problem with food began when I graduated from high school.About that time.I began eating

  out a lot.There were two fast-food restaurants near the place where I worked, so I ate lunch at one or

  the other almost every day.I found it much easier to go to a fast-food restaurant than to prepare my own lunch.

  When I moved away from home my eating habits got worse.I didn’t know how to cook, and I

  didn’t have much money; but my favorite fast-food restaurant was just two blocks away.Eating there

  seemed like the easiest and cheapest option.In addition to eating the wrong kind of food, I ate way too

  much. 1 wasn’ t satisfied with a standard fast-food meal. I ordered more French fries, a larger soft drink,

  and an extra hamburger---whatever I could afford---in the largest size available.

  The turning point came when 1 was in my late 20’s.I started thinking more seriously about my

  health. I was overweight. I felt sluggish all the time, and I lacked self-confidence. I knew that I needed

  to make changes.So I began to try to get my eating under control.

  I took a gradual approach.First, I reduced the amount of food I ate.1 would tell myself, “This

  isn’t my last meal; I Can always eat again.” At times I 1iterally had to walk away from the dinner

  table.But I felt good afterward,as if I had won a victory. Besides I had to give up something completely.For example, I eliminated soft drinks and drank

  only water.That was difficult.I loved soft drinks,and I hated water. After I drank a glass of water, 1

  would take a small cup of juice, which put some flavor in my mouth. After a while, water itself became

  more appealing.

  Now I still do go out to eat occasionally.But when I do, I control how much I eat.If the portion

  I’m served is too big, I ask for a take-out box.Then I put half of the meal in the box before I start

  eating. That way, I consume a reasonable portion instead of eating.

  36.The author began to eat out a lot

  A.when he started to work B.when he moved out from home

  C.because fast food was his favorite D.because he disliked home-made food

  37.The author ate in fast-food restaurants to

  A. solve his problem with food B. save time and money

  C. satisfy his demand for food variety D. change his eating habits

  38.It is implied in the passage that fast-food restaurants is

  A.quite expensive B.relatively unsafe

  C.very unhealthy D.rather tasteless

  39.The word“sluggish”(Para.3)is closest in meaning to

  A.painful B.weak C.slow D.1azy

  40.What did the author give up completely?

  A.Eating out. B.Fast food. C.Soft drinks. D.Fruit juice.

  Passage Three

  Animals, too, communicate.If you try to catch a seagull,it will call out“Hahaha! Hahaha!”to

  signal its friends to watch out for an intruder(入侵者).Certain fish signal their presence by sending

  electric impulses from their muscles.But these signal systems differ in very fundamental ways from

  human communication.

  First of all, our symbols are subjective.If you do not speak Chinese, you would not know what a

  gou is.Gou is the Chinese word for dog.There is no inherent connection between the word and the

  thing itself.The Spaniards, after all, call the same animal perro and the French call it chien.The

  meaning of a word is not determined by any

  inherent quality of the thing itself.It is instead subjective:a word may mean whatever a group of

  humans have agreed it is supposed to mean.On the other hand,animals are not free to produce different symbols subjectively to indicate the same thing.This is why, for example, all seagulls

  throughout the world make the same sound to indicate the presence of danger.

  Second,animal communication is a closed system, whereas human language is an open

  system. Each animal species can communicate only a limited set of messages, and the meaning of these

  signals is fixed.Animals can use only one signal at a time---they cannot combine two or more to

  produce a new and more complex message.A bird can signal “worms” to other birds but not

  “worms” and “cats” together. Animal communication is also closed in the sense of being tied to what

  is immediately present in the environment. The bird can signal “worms” only because it sees them. In

  contrast, we call blend and combine symbols to express whatever ideas come into our heads.We can

  create new messages, and the potential number of messages that we can send is infinite.Thus we can

  talk about concepts such as good and evil, truth and beauty, for which there is no physical thing that is

  being signaled.It is this creative character of language that leads many people to believe that language

  is unique to humans.Although several chimpanzees(黑猩猩)have been taught sign language, it is

  doubtful that they have created innovative sentences of their own.

  41.The author believes that animals are capable of ______.

  A.arguing with their friends

  B.sending messages to each other

  C.using different signals for the same meaning

  D.threatening their intruders with signals

  42.The main idea of Paragraph 2 is that

  A.no animals can use a subjective language as humans do

  B.words and the things they refer to are inherently connected

  C.animals produce fewer kinds of sound than humans

  D.the seagull is a good example of animal communication

  43.The word“infinite”(Para.3)means

  A.complex B.creative C.unusual D.unlimited

  44. According to the author, animals can only signal

  A.what is visible B.what they want C.what is created D. what they remember

  45.It is unique of human communication to express

  A.physical things B.ideas C.symbols D.feelings

  Passage Four Recently I stood in front of my class,observing an all-too-familiar scene. Most of my students

  were secretly ---or so they thought---looking at their smart phones under their desks.

  As I called their attention, students’ heads slowly lifted, their eyes reluctantly glancing forward. I

  then cheerfully explained that their next project would practice a skill they all desperately needed:

  holding a conversation. Several students looked confused. Others moved uneasily in their seats, waiting

  for me to stop watching the class so they could return to their phones.

  Even with plenty of practice, most kids were unable to converse effectively.They looked down at

  their hands.Some even reached for their phone---the last thing they should be doing.

  As 1 watched my class struggle, I came to realize that conversational competence might be the

  single-most overlooked skill we fail to teach students.Kids spend hours each day engaging with ideas

  and one another through screens--but rarely do they have an opportunity to truly practice their

  interpersonal communication skills.Admittedly, teenage awkwardness and nerves play a role in

  difficult conversations.But students, reliance on screens for communication is affecting their engagement in real-time talk.

  It might sound like a funny question, but we need to ask ourselves:Is there any 21st century skill

  more important than being able to hold a confident, coherent(连贯的) conversation? When students

  apply for colleges and jobs, they won’t conduct interviews through their smart phones. When they

  negotiate pay raises and discuss projects with employers, they should demonstrate a thoughtful

  presence and the ability to think on their feet.

  But in our rush to meet 21st-century demands, we aren’t asking students to think and communicate in

  real time.Online discussion boards and Twitter are useful tools for exchanging ideas.But they often

  encourage a“read, reflect, forget about it” response that doesn’t truly engage students in extended

  critical thinking or conversation.

  As Sherry Turkle writes, “We are tempted to think l(that our little ‘sips’ of online connection add

  up to a big gulp(大口)of real conversation.But they don’t. ”

  46.How did the students react when the author announced the next project?

  A.They looked forward to talking with their classmates.

  B.They showed little interest in taking part in the project.

  C.They were worried about their ability to communicate.

  D.They were excited to be free from the lecture.

  47.How did the conversation project go?

  A. It was quite successful. B. It went just as expected. C. It was far from satisfactory. D. It brought about mixed results.

  48.What does the author try to emphasize in Paragraph 5?

  A.The importance of conversation skills。

  B.The difficulty in conducting real-time talk.

  C.The use of screen for communication.

  D.The techniques of effective communication.

  49.Sherry Turkle would agree that online connection

  A.is useful for exchanging ideas B.is a better means of communication

  C.does not harm critical thinking D.cannot replace real conversation

  50.What is the tone of the author in this passage?

  A.Objective. B.Concerned. C.Indifferent D.Relieved.

  Part IV Cloze (15 minutes, 10 points)

  Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passage. For each numbered blank, there are 4

  choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET

  with a single line through the center.

  Have you ever heard of the Aesop Fable, “The Belly(肚子)and The Members?” As you read the

  following story, I encourage you to think about your own teams and how this might___51___.

  One day it__52____to The Members of the Body that they were doing all of the work while the

  Belly got all of the food.They believed the Belly was ___53___ and unproductive.

  They held a meeting to discuss how__54____this seemed. After a very long meeting, The Members

  of the Body decided to go on strike until the Belly agreed to take its proper___55___of the work.

  The unhappy body parts didn’ t do anything for several days to stop___56___the Belly. The Hands

  stopped moving and the Teeth stopped chewing._57_____,the Legs became more and more tired and

  the Hands could___58___move anymore.Eventually the entire Body collapsed.

  What is the moral of the story? Some members’ contribution may seem of less___59___than that of

  others. It is important that every member of the team understands their unique roles and___60____they

  bring to the team.It is also important that they clearly understand everyone else’s roles and

  contributions.

  51.A.stand B.continue C.work D.apply

  52.A.happened B. occurred C.reached D.referred

  53.A.strange B.ugly C.foolish D.1azy 54.A.unfair B.unlikely C.uneasy D.unstable

  55.A.review B. duty C.sense D.share

  56.A.controlling B.contacting C.feeding D.pleasing

  57.A.On the contrary B. In fact C.As a result D.After all

  58.A.hardly B.entirely C.partly D.definitely

  59.A.need B. value C.meaning D.interest

  60.A.that B.why C.what D.how

  Part V Translation (30 minutes, 10 points)

  Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and put your translation on the ANS

  WER SHEET.

  A recent research suggests that nearly a third of adults, 31%, are not getting enough exercise. That

  rates of exercise have declined is hardly a new discovery. Since the beginning of the industrial

  revolution, technology and economic growth have created a world in which exercise is more and more

  an option rather than a necessity.

  In all, the researchers were able to pool data from 122 countries, covering 89% of the world’s

  population. They considered sufficient physical activity to be 30 minutes of moderate exercise five

  days a week, or 20 minutes of intense exercise three days a week, or some combination of the two.

  Unsurprisingly, people in rich countries are less active than those in poor ones, and old people are lees

  active than young ones. Less obviously, women tend to exercise less than men---34% are inactive,

  compared with 28% of men. But there are exceptions. The women of Finland and Iraq, for example,

  move more than their male countrymen.

  Part VI Writing (30 minutes,15 points)

  Directions: You are to write in no less 120 words on the topic of “My Position”. You may base

  your composition on the Chinese clues given below

  尼采的处世之道是: “不要爬上山顶去,也不要站在山脚下,最好从半山处去看这个世界。 ”

  其实站在哪里看世界好,每个人都有自己的认识和体验。

  1. 你是否同意尼采的人生观和价值观?

  2. 你的认识和体验是什么?

关于我们| 版权信息| 免责声明| 联系我们

教育部教育管理信息中心主办 京ICP备15022426号-1